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Inclusion Keeps Us Safe

Read this wonderful article by Liza Mundy about female code-breakers during WWII. Inclusion can keep us safe.

Travis Heights Art Trail 2017

Come to the Travis Heights Arts Trail, Saturday November 4, 2017


Part of the Travis Heights Arts Trail includes an Author Showcase. I’ll be reading on Saturday, November 4, 2017, from 11 a.m. to noon about historic and legendary Germanic women. As you listen to local authors read from their books at this Literary event at the beautiful Fairview Inn at 1304 Newning, Austin, TX, stop by the Austin Book Arts Center display, in the hotel dining room. You can make a book, or print a Christmas card. Both Days – Noon and 3pm.

Here is a map of the events in the neighborhood.


Happy Halloween!

My mother, Joan, was a writer starting at an early age. Though her prose diaries from her teenage years have been published, she also wrote poetry. In the meantime, enjoy this little poem from when she was 10 on Halloween, 1933. She might have been a poor kid in Chicago, but her imagination was rich.

Halloween

Dance Jack-O’Lantern

Dance Jack-O’Lantern

Wander at will!

Witches are meeting

Hobgoblins greeting

High on the hill!

Moonbeams flicker

Out on the green.

Fairies are seen,

Halloween.

Candles are gleaming

Minds are dreaming

Fortunes foretell.

Magic is making

Ghosts are awaking

Bound by a spell.

And now for a little treat (or trick?) from 1933: Boop-boopdy-doo!

Memorial Day in 1938

My mom, Joan, wrote every year about Memorial Day in her diaries from the 1930s and 1940s. World War I was always fresh in her mind, though it was a conflagration finished well before her birth. Here is a diary entry from when she was 17 years old, reflecting on poetry, war, the suffering of animals in zoos, and even one of my favorite medieval poets: Langland.

“Me, turning red faced from the class!”

Sunday May 30, 1938

…Well, Thursday (Thor’s Day!) I was very embarrassed.  Mrs. Hellman, my English teacher, read my poem “City” aloud to class—you know, after she found out I had won Honorable Mention in Scholastic, but I never thought that she’d read it to the class!  Was my face red.  She tried to make me read it but I broke down and she had too.

…A teacher accused me and the girl next to me of ditching a study to smoke—me! —with my face!  Of course, I wasn’t though—it was all a mistake.  In the midst of bawling me out, the teacher stopped and said, “You’re the girl who wrote the poetry for Scholastic, aren’t you?”  How did she find out?  I thought only fools read that (though that includes her!).

“Me smoking!”

…. Friday night Mom and I went to Lake View to see Il Trovatore—given by American Opera Company.  Mom went to sleep during it and I had to hold my eyelids up!  Are we cultural!

Mom and I went downtown and I got me a new peasant –dusty pink – dress.  I look like the “Song of the Lark”[1] or something.  It’s a dirndl and awfully cute.

“Song of the Lark” by Jules Breton

B.B.B.B. [Beautiful Blue-eyed Boy in Biology Class] didn’t come Saturday as I told him not to.  Vera got walked out on by a boy again.  She’s going to start using Lifebuoy [Soap].

…. Today—got up at 12:15.  It’s Memorial Day.  Read New Poetry and Modern Poetry books—Went to park to read the borrowed one in my peasant dress — laid my annual sprig of white hawthorn by the soldier in the park and whispered, “I remembered” to him.  There was no new wreath for him, save mine.

Sat by the pool for a while and read.  There was a big St. Bernard dog near me and three fair-haired children in sailor coats—James Barrie in Kensington Gardens.  Went on to zoo.  The eagles look so misplaced in the ugly dark cage.  What right have they to keep another living thing from the sun?  And the baby lion (1½ years) who was born there.  He looks like a strong man in a shop.  Such a beautiful fierce young lion to never have felt the touch of Earth at his feet.  Always inside.  No moon, no sun, no grass.  And for a young lion he is so still.  He just sits and stares over our heads at things he can’t see.  The other lions seem to see the jungles when they look like that, but he has nothing to see.  Nothing at all…. He has a great chin as of one who has suffered and tragic golden eyes.  I wish I could give him a piece of the jungle.  Oh, it’s all so cruel!  And here are people who have been likewise cheated….

In this book of poetry there’s an introduction to English verse—I like this Old English[2] one:

In a somer seson

When softe was the sonne

I shoop me into shroudes

As I a sheep were

In habite as a heremite

Unholy of werkes

Wente wide in this world

Wondres to here.

I sort of like the serious, old sound of it—and yet not old.  Langland is his name.

[1] Painting by Jules Breton.

[2] William Langland’s Piers Plowman is actually written in Middle English.

That Complicated German Language

#ObamaBerlin President Obama speaking at the Brandenburg Gate reminds me of my deep love of Germany and the German language. I’m excited to go back to Berlin–where I lived 1988-90– in about a week. Recently I had the great delight to read again at Malvern Books, the terrific local bookstore in Austin, TX, in a German-themed evening.

Here’s a video of me reading from various books.

Malvern Books really curates their offerings so that every book feels handcrafted — chosen for a discerning crowd. The store asked me out of the blue to help Rebecca Schuman launch her new memoir, Schadenfreude, about her experiences in Germany and with the German language. I immediately said yes. I have been laying the groundwork for writing my own memoir about my experiences teaching in East Germany in the 1980s, so this seemed serendipitous.

At Malvern Books, April 14, 2017. Some of my books alongside Rebecca’s.

As the warm-up act to Rebecca’s funny and engaging reading, I decided to set the stage on women and Germany. Starting with legendary Germanic women, I read two passages from my novel about Grendel’s Mother.  Then I turned to historic German women and read from my book, A Medieval Woman’s Companion: Women’s Lives in the European Middle Ages, recently translated into German. I shared highlights from the lives of the first known woman dramatist, Hrotsvit von Gandersheim, and that of the medieval superstar, Hildegard von Bingen.

At Malvern Books, April 14, 2017

Rapidly moving through history, I shared two more books. The last, to prepare for Rebecca’s material set in the mid 1990s, came from a piece in my book on The Literature of Waste. Here I reflect on how my experiences in the former GDR make it impossible for me to choose in superstores with too much choice. I still cannot go into Costco.

I also shared scenes from Home Front Girl, focusing on just a few of the many moments where my mother Joan ponders Germany and the German language. These feature some of my favorite bits in her diary. Here are a couple of them, ranging from the lyrical to the sarcastic.

Monday, September 19, 1938
. . . Well, world news goeth on too . . . see this—“Allies (Britain and France) give in to Germany—leave Czechoslovakia flat!” Czechoslovakia says she’ll fight and Germany says it will be a “real” War. I wonder what Hitler said to Chamberlain that made Britain side step so neatly. [Joan pasted into her diary this newspaper clipping depicting Chamberlain and Hitler at the famous appeasement talks about Czechoslovakia.

Age 17 at the University of Chicago German class Christmas Party; [Written between Wednesday, December 11, and Friday, December 14, 1940]

. . . Went to German Christmas party last night—Santa Claus, a pretty tree, . . . marzipan that I like, etc. Betty came too. . . . They sang German Christmas carols, “O Tannenbaum.” . . . We joked about it sounding like a Bund[1] meeting and Betty wanted to get up and shout, “We’re all Americans!” But we mustn’t even pretend to have that kind of patriotism. God, keep us wise and cool. . . .

Then they sang—a male quartet—old songs in the faintly meaningful language (I can understand about one quarter) . . . and I leaned back dreamily. . . . I like to hear their strong male voices—deep and proud—singing the good songs. Schubert—“Silent Night” . . . the tree brings out the Nordic, the Scandinavian, in me and I think of my ancestors. Betty whispers, “What an ugly language it is!” The world’s spinning outside, the moon is gleaming on the white snow. . . .  In here we are separate . . . warm—out of the world. Someone opens a window and a chilly blast sweeps in. . . .

Herr Jolles sees me and nods, smiling. . . . He makes an announcement and it is only afterwards I learn he has said the punch is spilled. My German is none too good. But the almond paste cookies are. I eat a great many.

[1] An American Nazi organization.

Christmas Day, 1939. Chicago downtown, a year before Joan’s entry cited here.

On Christmas Day, 1940, two weeks later, she writes,

I passed suddenly the Cunard[1] window. . . . An exhibit for the BWR[2]—pictures of little children in Britain—homes bombed—helmets that could be knitted for the RAF—a noble purpose—but it’s making war in our hearts. . . . The little German children are bombed and hungry too. . . . And all the sudden, in an emotional intensity, I thought, “This may be the last Christmas we shall have” . . . I should be wise and know the world will never end. . . . An unofficial truce played over Christmas in Europe today—Hitler said, “German fliers will not fly on Christmas if British flyers will not.” And they did not. . . . And so a white, bloodless Christmas there and the sky is weeping here. . . .

[1] A British shipping company.

[2] British War Relief.

Though her humor remains undaunted, Joan’s relationship to the German was vexed. At age 18, February 12, 1941, she writes,

Flunked my German test—F. . . . That’s bad, you know. Hitler would be disappointed. He’d better put off the invasion for a while. . . .

And here is Rebecca Schuman reading at Malvern Books. What a fun evening!

Animals in the Second World War in England

Animals have all too often been overlooked as victims in war. Two books examine their lives and deaths. The Great Cat and Dog Massacre: The Real Story of World War Two’s Unknown Tragedy, by Hilda Kean, examines the euthanasia campaign conducted by the British government in the opening days of the war. The New York Times review by Elena Passarello writes that, “Amid protests from government officials and animal charities, and despite the absence of any attack on British soil (the Blitz would not begin until 1940), an estimated 400,000 pets were killed in that first, silent week of war.”

Another of these books, Bonzo’s War: Animals Under Fire 1939–1945 by Clare Campbell, chronicles the trials of animals in Britain during World War II.

Public Information Poster

Public Information Poster

Imagine what your dog or cat would experience. All the noise and terror.

 Women queue with their pets at a Narpac (National Air Raid Precautions Committee) post in Holborn, London, 1940

Women queue with their pets at a Narpac (National Air Raid Precautions Committee) post in Holborn, London, 1940

This dog was trained to sniff out bombs and mines.

Pet dog loaned to army to sniff out mines in 1944

And here is one of a horse.

 'The West Ham Borough Council Veterinary Department have devised a special gas protection bag for horses, and have instigated a corps of men and 21 dressing stations for any of the borough's 200,000 animals in the time of war. It is a large nose-bag which fits over the horse's head, and is fixed with a zip fastener, the idea being with a little food in the bag the horse would be quiet during an air raid. A long halter is also attached to allow the driver to get to shelter and still have his horse under control. The fetlocks are bandaged with special oil-skin to protect them from mustard gas'.

‘The West Ham Borough Council Veterinary Department have devised a special gas protection bag for horses, and have instigated a corps of men and 21 dressing stations for any of the borough’s 200,000 animals in the time of war. It is a large nose-bag which fits over the horse’s head, and is fixed with a zip fastener, the idea being with a little food in the bag the horse would be quiet during an air raid. A long halter is also attached to allow the driver to get to shelter and still have his horse under control. The fetlocks are bandaged with special oil-skin to protect them from mustard gas’.

A happy boy with his pet.

 A boy with a cat in London during the blitz, 1940

A boy with a cat in London during the blitz, 1940

All photos from the Guardian website.

This attention on animals in war should make us aware that other living creatures in addition to humans suffer from man’s inhumanity to man–and animal.

In Home Front Girl, Joan ponders the differences between man and animal while riding a bus when she is fifteen years old. She seems to pique the interest of the man sitting next to her!

Sunday, October 30, 1938

I went back to the difference between man and animals. Very slight, it seems. I was testing myself out to see if I was human. Seeing if my thumb was opposable (by wiggling it) and if I had definite chin (thrusting it out) and if my great toe was opposable (very hard in shoes). By this time, the man next to me also seemed to need proof that I was human and took quite an interest in my experiments. In most points I seemed human so I gave up and went back to one-celled animals. Man went back to his magazine.

“Very slight” difference between humans and animals–in war and peace.

 

Home Fires Keep On Burning

So excited that the ITV World War II show Home Fires will keep on burning! Read more about it here.

 

 

 

 

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